P2P and Video Streaming Services

Peer to peer file sharing systems, otherwise known as P2P (such as Isohunt), connect people directly together on the internet. Some systems are true networked systems, in that there is a central server which acts as a central point to which all traffic is directed then distributed to the clients. P2P file sharing software is mainly sourced from the Gnutella design, and most companies that offer such services look very much the same. However, some have extended this to offer the bells and whistles that set them apart, such as faster downloads and the ability to converse with those you are connected to. There are other benefits to be gained from these subscription sites such as connections to other P2P movie and games download sites.

Internet video streaming is similar to standard television broadcasting. Software is used to convert video and audio into a format that is suitable for delivery using a computer network. Television stations use special hardware to convert video and audio data into a format suitable for broadcasting. Special computer network transport protocols enable the delivery of multimedia content to the end user ( viewer ) versus using broadcast transmitters to send the video and audio content to individual television sets.

No broadcast license or technical certification is required for Internet streaming, unlike a standard television broadcast station. Standard television broadcast stations are required to have a broadcast license and certified broadcast engineers. The only requirements for Internet video streaming are: specialized data delivery server software, special audio and video encoding software and large amounts of bandwidth. Bandwidth is required for the delivery of the video and audio content to the end user. The formula for determining the amount of bandwidth required for video streaming is: Bandwidth required = data encoding speed x number of desired consecutive users.